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Lawyer Must Follow Impaired Client’s Wishes In Most Cases

JULY 9, 2001 VOLUME 9, NUMBER 2 Lawyers who represent mentally impaired clients often wonder: is the lawyer’s duty to advocate the client’s wishes, no matter how peculiar, or to act in the client’s best interests? That was the dilemma facing New Hampshire attorney Tony Soltani after his client was committed to a mental hospital. […]

Yet Another Tax Protestor Finds Trusts Are No Magic Tax Shield

JULY 2, 2001 VOLUME 9, NUMBER 1 Income tax protestors may really believe that they can choose to opt out of the federal government’s income tax system. Some objectors may think they are making an important political point. They keep losing, however, and paying extra taxes and court costs for making arguments that are simply […]

Publishers Clearing House Must Cooperate With Iowa Investigation

JUNE 25, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 52 Sweepstakes solicitations have become a major financial problem for the elderly in America. Thousands of individuals send millions of dollars to promoters of get-rich-quick schemes every year. Spouses and other family members are often powerless to prevent the fleecing of gullible individuals as they send in check after […]

New Tax Law Will Mean More Planning Is Necessary, Not Less

JUNE 18, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 51 Last week Elder Law Issues predicted that the principal effect of the federal government’s estate tax repeal would be to make most people revisit their estate plans (and their attorney) more often. Because of the automatic “sunset” of the repeal measure in 2011, any plan addressing the changes […]

What Estate Tax Repeal Means For Most Taxpayers: Not Much

JUNE 11, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 50 On June 7, 2001, President George W. Bush signed the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. Despite extensive media coverage of tax reform, and especially of estate tax repeal, over the past six months, you may have been left wondering what it means. It turns […]

Marriage Involving Transsexual Challenged By Decedent’s Son

JUNE 4, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 49 Marshall and J’Noel Gardiner were married in Kansas in September, 1998 after a short courtship. At the time Mr. Gardiner was 85, his new wife was 40. Mr. Gardiner died less than a year later, survived by Mrs. Gardiner and one son, Joseph Gardiner. Mr. Gardiner had not […]

Small Life Insurance Policies Complicate Medicaid Eligibility

MAY 28, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 48 Elder law attorneys often discuss characteristics common to the older individuals they deal with. Clients frequently show up early for appointments, are unflaggingly courteous and pleasant to deal with, and seem to enjoy talking about their families and travels. One other common characteristic, perhaps arising from a Depression-era […]

Guardian Of Estate Does Not Have Power To Revoke Trust

MAY 21, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 47 Ruth Chandler was 73 when she established her revocable trust in 1997. The New Jersey woman had no family, and so she named Summit Bank as trustee. She transferred about $1.7 million into the name of the trust. Three months later she revoked that trust and established a […]

Déjà Vu: Another AZ Public Fiduciary Charged In Thefts

MAY 14, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 46 In 1997 a rural Arizona county Public Fiduciary stunned the state’s advocacy community when he acknowledged taking hundreds of thousands of dollars from his ward’s estates (“Mohave Public Fiduciary Pleads Guilty, Faces Certain Jail Time“). Thefts by private fiduciaries (and lawyers representing fiduciaries) are all too common, but […]

Questions and Answers About Arizona’s “Beneficiary Deed”

MAY 7, 2001 VOLUME 8, NUMBER 45 Last week Elder Law Issues reported on Arizona’s new “Beneficiary Deed” statute. A law passed by the Arizona legislature this year creates a new, simpler way to pass title to real property, without any requirement of probate and avoiding the cost of establishing a living trust. A number […]

Robert B. Fleming


Robert Fleming is a Fellow of both the American College of Trust and Estate Counsel and the National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys. He has been certified as a Specialist in Estate and Trust Law by the State Bar of Arizona‘s Board of Legal Specialization, and he is also a Certified Elder Law Attorney by the National Elder Law Foundation. Robert has a long history of involvement in local, state and national organizations. He is most proud of his instrumental involvement in the Special Needs Alliance, the premier national organization for lawyers dealing with special needs trusts and planning.

Robert has two adult children, two young grandchildren and a wife of over fifty years. He is devoted to all of them. He is also very fond of Rosalind Franklin (his office companion corgi), and his homebound cat Muninn. He just likes people, their pets and their stories.

Elizabeth N.R. Friman


Elizabeth Noble Rollings Friman is a principal and licensed fiduciary at Fleming & Curti, PLC. Elizabeth enjoys estate planning and helping families navigate trust and probate administrations. She is passionate about the fiduciary work that she performs as a trustee, personal representative, guardian, and conservator. Elizabeth works with CPAs, financial professionals, case managers, and medical providers to tailor solutions to complex family challenges. Elizabeth is often called upon to serve as a neutral party so that families can avoid protracted legal conflict. Elizabeth relies on the expertise of her team at Fleming & Curti, and as the Firm approaches its third decade, she is proud of the culture of care and consideration that the Firm embodies. Finding workable solutions to sensitive and complex family challenges is something that Elizabeth and the Fleming & Curti team do well.

Amy F. Matheson


Amy Farrell Matheson has worked as an attorney at Fleming & Curti since 2006. A member of the Southern Arizona Estate Planning Council, she is primarily responsible for estate planning and probate matters.

Amy graduated from Wellesley College with a double major in political science and English. She is an honors graduate of Suffolk University Law School and has been admitted to practice in Arizona, Massachusetts, New York, and the District of Columbia.

Prior to joining Fleming & Curti, Amy worked for American Public Television in Boston, and with the international trade group at White & Case, LLP, in Washington, D.C.

Amy’s husband, Tom, is an astronomer at NOIRLab and the Head of Time Domain Services, whose main project is ANTARES. Sadly, this does not involve actual time travel. Amy’s twin daughters are high school students; Finn, her Irish Red and White Setter, remains a puppy at heart.

Famous people's wills

Matthew M. Mansour


Matthew is a law clerk who recently earned his law degree from the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law. His undergraduate degree is in psychology from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Matthew has had a passion for advocacy in the Tucson community since his time as a law student representative in the Workers’ Rights Clinic. He also has worked in both the Pima County Attorney’s Office and the Pima County Public Defender’s Office. He enjoys playing basketball, caring for his cat, and listening to audiobooks narrated by the authors.